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close this bookEssential Elements of Obstetric Care at First Referral Level (WHO; 1991; 80 pages)
View the documentPreface
open this folder and view contents1. Introduction
open this folder and view contents2. Essential elements of obstetric care related to causes of maternal death
open this folder and view contents3. Implementation
View the documentReferences
View the documentAnnex 1. Technical Working Group on Essential Obstetric Functions at First Referral Level
View the documentAnnex 2. Surgical and delivery equipment
View the documentAnnex 3. Materials for side-ward laboratory tests and blood transfusion1
View the documentAnnex 4. Essential drugs for obstetric services1
View the documentAnnex 5. Maternity centre facilities and equipment
View the documentSelected WHO publications of related interest
View the documentBack cover

Essential Elements of Obstetric Care at First Referral Level

World Health Organization
Geneva 1991

The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations with primary responsibility for international health matters and public health. Through this organization, which was created in 1948, the health professions of some 190 countries exchange their knowledge and experience with the aim of making possible the attainment by all citizens of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that will permit them to lead a socially and economically productive life.

By means of direct technical cooperation with its Member States, and by stimulating such cooperation among them, WHO promotes the development of comprehensive health services, the prevention and control of diseases, the improvement of environmental conditions, the development of human resources for health, the coordination and development of biomedical and health services research, and the planning and implementation of health programmes.

These broad fields of endeavour encompass a wide variety of activities, such as developing systems of primary health care that reach the whole population of Member countries, promoting the health of mothers and children; combating malnutrition; controlling malaria and other communicable diseases including tuberculosis and leprosy; coordinating the global strategy for the prevention and control of AIDS; having achieved the eradication of smallpox, promoting mass immunization against a number of other preventable diseases; improving mental health; providing safe water supplies; and training health personnel of all categories.

Progress towards better health throughout the world also demands international cooperation in such matters as establishing international standards for biological substances, pesticides and pharmaceuticals; formulating environmental health criteria; recommending international nonproprietary names for drugs; administering the International Health Regulations; revising the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems; and collecting and disseminating health statistical information.

Reflecting the concerns and priorities of the Organization and its Members States, WHO publications provide authoritative information and guidance aimed at promoting and protecting health and preventing and controlling disease.

Reprinted 1995

WHO Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

Essential elements of obstetric care at first referral level.

1. Maternal health services 2. Maternal-child health centers - organization & administration 3. Obstetrics 4. Developing countries

ISBN 92 4 154424 4
(NLM Classification: WA 310)


Publications of the World Health Organization enjoy copyright protection in accordance with the provisions of Protocol 2 of the Universal Copyright Convention. For rights of reproduction or translation of WHO publications, in part or in toto, application should be made to the Office of Publications, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. The World Health Organization welcomes such applications.

The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. Errors and omissions excepted, the names of proprietary products are distinguished by initial capital letters.


94/10309 - Clays/TWC - 2000


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