Sets the stage for recognizing the crisis response and adaptive behavior of survivors across post-disaster time phases.
WHY HAVE THIS MODULE?
To systematically categorize behavior processes through time phases.
Presents a composite grid to show the developmental stages of survivor behavior.
After participating in Module 3 the students will:
• Be aware of behavior, thinking, and feelings of survivors with the passage of time post-disaster.
• Be able to conceptualize the sequences of changes as the survivor adapts to different stages of the disaster.
This module presents a description of survivors' responses as they process their emotions through the different post-disaster time phases. The developmental sequence is similar to that which occurs in clinical resolution of crisis, trauma, and bereavement. Although the reaction sequences are not of fixed duration and flexible approaches are necessary, there appears to be a guiding developmental sequence to crisis resolution. The confounding influences that alter the sequence of responses are labeled the “secondary disaster,” which consists of all the bureaucratic and reconstructive procedures that survivors must contend with after the disaster, coupled with their personal problems: loss of employment, marital problems, physical illness, etc.
Each phase of the process will necessitate different teaching content to enable mental health workers to help survivors deal with whatever stage of emotional response they are in when they are first seen by a worker. Each post-disaster phase will require different approaches by the worker.
Each phase - threat, impact, recoil, early aftermath, and late aftermath - is described from four perspectives: biological, psychological, interpersonal, and sociocultural. Examples of behavioral defenses are also given.