• CRISIS COUNSELING
Introduces post-disaster intervention programs and applied and operational guidelines.
WHY HAVE THIS MODULE?
To review the purpose, scope, and application of post-disaster assistance guidelines.
Similarities and differences vis-a-vis other types of mental health intervention programs.
• Special characteristics of post-disaster assistance
• Crisis Counseling
After participating in Module 4 the students will:
Be able to identify existing outreach methodologies available to disaster mental health workers and plan post-disaster therapeutic interventions.
• Crisis counseling and support assistance
Referral to specialized programs
• Mental health
• Substance abuse
This module presents the basic mental health post-disaster interventions, which include the following:
OUTREACH: This procedure is designed to find and assist survivors in expressing and understanding disaster-caused stress and grief reactions.
CRISIS COUNSELING: This procedure uses techniques that assist the survivor to return to normal functioning. A small number of survivors will have to be referred for professional assistance from a specialist (e.g., children, elderly persons, substance abusers).
EDUCATION: This method of informing the public, agency workers, and mental health professionals can be done through the print media, television, and radio.
CONSULTATION: Can be used by experienced workers who will assist the public and private agencies deployed to develop emergency programs.
Training in outreach and crisis counseling is the most operationally driven type of training and will necessitate practical role-playing, as well as ongoing supervision once the workers begin to interact with survivors. Intervention approaches after a disaster need to be adapted according to (1) the characteristics of survivors and (2) the time that has elapsed after the disaster. Continuous awareness of the importance of cultural factors in counseling methods should be a strong focus of the training.