MITIGATION OF DISASTERS IN HEALTH FACILITIES
PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION
Regional Office Of the
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
INTERNATIONAL DECADE FOR NATURAL DISASTER REDUCTION
Titles in this series:
Disaster Mitigation Guidelines for Hospitals and Other Health Care Facilities in the Caribbean
Mitigation of Disasters in Health Facilities. Evaluation and Reduction of Physical and Functional Vulnerability (four volumes):
Volume I. General Issues
Volume II. Administrative Issues
Volume III. Architectural Issues
Volume IV. Engineering Issues
To order books in this series, please write to:
Emergency Preparedness Program
525 Twenty-third Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20037
ISBN 92 75 12101 X
The Pan American Health Organization will give very favorable consideration to requests for authorization to reproduce or translate all or part of this publication. Requests for information should be directed to the Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief Coordination Program, Pan American Health Organization, Washington, D.C., United States of America.
© Pan American Health Organization, 1993.
Publications of the Pan American Health Organization enjoy protection in accordance with the provisions on reproduction of originals of Protocol 2 of the Universal Copyright Convention. All rights reserved.
The designations employed in this publication and the manner in which the material that it contains is presented do not imply any judgment whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Pan American Health Organization concerning the legal status of countries, territories, cities, or areas, or of their authorities, or concerning the delimitation of their frontiers or boundaries.
The mention of specific companies or of the commercial names of certain products does not imply that the Pan American Health Organization endorses or recommends them in preference to other similar ones. Barring error or omission, patented products are spelled with an initial capital letter in PAHO publications.
This publication has been made possible with the financial support of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the US. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance of the U. S. Agency for International Development (OFDA/AID), and the Overseas Development Administration (ODA) of the United Kingdom.
On cover: The earthquake that jolted Mexico City on /9 September 1985 was the strongest one recorded in Latin America in the last hundred years. This earthquake killed and wounded thousands and caused severe structural damage. Health sector institutions also suffered tremendous blows, among them the General Hospital of the National Medical Center of the Mexican Social Security Institute, shown in the photo.
Photograph: Julio Vizcarra/PAHO