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close this bookScurvy and its Prevention and Control in Major Emergencies (WHO; 1999; 70 pages)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentScurvy: definition
close this folderIntroduction
View the documentScope
View the documentBackground
View the documentRecent outbreaks of scurvy
View the documentRisk factors
open this folder and view contentsScurvy
open this folder and view contentsVitamin C
open this folder and view contentsRecommended Daily Allowance (RDA)
open this folder and view contentsSources of vitamin C
open this folder and view contentsStrategies to prevent scurvy in large refugee populations
View the documentCosts
open this folder and view contentsConclusions and recommendations
View the documentReferences
View the documentAnnex 1
View the documentAnnex 2
View the documentAnnex 3
View the documentBack Cover


Although this document is intended primarily as a backdrop for interventions involving refugees, it is also suitable as a guide for ensuring adequate vitamin C intake in most emergency settings. It reviews the strategies and past experiences of the prevention of scurvy in refugee situations, and analyses factors influencing their success or failure. It reviews the constraints to the adoption of the recommendations. Innovative ways of improving vitamin C intakes are recommended and interventions are proposed for field-testing. Also included are a literature review of the epidemiology of scurvy and its signs and symptoms, the properties and functions of vitamin C, and a discussion of food sources of this vitamin and its stability. The recommended daily allowance (RDA) for vitamin C, including "minimum" as distinct from "optimum" intakes, is also discussed.

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