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close this bookScurvy and its Prevention and Control in Major Emergencies (WHO; 1999; 70 pages)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentScurvy: definition
open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
open this folder and view contentsScurvy
open this folder and view contentsVitamin C
close this folderRecommended Daily Allowance (RDA)
View the documentProblem of calculating RDA for vitamin C
View the documentMinimum or optimum requirements
View the documentFactors affecting vitamin C reserves
View the documentMegadoses
View the documentHypervitaminosis/vitamin C toxicity
View the documentSupplementation frequency
open this folder and view contentsSources of vitamin C
open this folder and view contentsStrategies to prevent scurvy in large refugee populations
View the documentCosts
open this folder and view contentsConclusions and recommendations
View the documentReferences
View the documentAnnex 1
View the documentAnnex 2
View the documentAnnex 3
View the documentBack Cover


It has been claimed that very large daily doses of vitamin C (³1 g per day) prevent, or are effective in treating common colds and other infections, psychiatric conditions, hyper-cholesterolaemia and atherosclerosis, cancer, and other diseases, while enhancing immunological responsiveness, wound healing, and physical performance (Irwin & Hutchins, 1976; Olson & Hodges, 1987). Large doses have also been said to lower blood cholesterol, facilitate iron absorption, and promote the mobilization and elimination of heavy metals such as lead, mercury, cadmium and copper. Linus Pauling recommended daily intakes of 2400 mg, which is equivalent to the amount rats produce calculated on the basis of body weight per day. However, such claims have not been supported by research. Although many controlled clinical studies have been conducted to test the protective effect against colds of gram-doses of vitamin C, most indicate only a small positive impact in terms of reducing the incidence, shortening the duration, and alleviating the symptoms of the common cold. It has been suggested that some of these benefits may be due to a placebo effect (Combs, 1992).

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