Kitchen gardens were common among refugees from Chad in the Darfur province of Sudan during the drought of 1985-86. Community vegetable gardens in the Salvadoran camps in Honduras provided fresh vegetables to the entire camp population in the late 1980s. In Mesa Grande, 11 000 refugees grew their own fresh vegetables through large, in-camp communal gardens. Many Bhutanese refugees in Nepal grow their own vegetables. However, in large refugee populations in Africa this strategy has not been sufficiently promoted. All too often the norm is that refugees do not/are not able to cultivate to diversify their diets. Availability or provision of enough water for small-scale horticulture as well as for personal use is an important facilitating factor. In particular, growing potatoes, sweet potatoes or other tubers is relatively easy and the product provides energy as well as minerals/vitamins, thus permitting exchange of dry rations (cereals) for other needed commodities.