Pan American Health Organization
Regional Office of the
World Health Organization
With the support of the
Disaster Preparedness Programme of the
Humanitarian Aid Office of the European Commission
This manual was prepared by the Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI) for the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). It was developed as a follow up project to a workshop on Disaster Preparedness and Environmental Health held in Barbados in 2000 where the need for environmental health contingency planning guidelines and environmental health rapid needs assessment tools was identified. The manual is for use by Environmental Health Units as planning guidelines prior to a flood event and in the field as an assessment tool during and after flood events.
The contributions of the Ministries of Health and their Environmental Health Departments, National Disaster Organizations, participants and facilitators at workshops and those who have contributed towards the development of this manual are hereby gratefully acknowledged.
© Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), 2003
A publication of the Area on Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief (PED).
The views expressed, the recommendations made, and the terms employed in this publication, do not necessarily reflect the current criteria or policies of PAHO/WHO or of its Member States.
The Pan American Health Organization welcome requests for permission to reproduce or translate, in part or in full, this publication. Applications and inquiries should be addressed to the Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief Coordination Program (PED), Pan American Health Organization, 525 Twenty-third Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037, USA; fax: (202) 775-4578; email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
This publication has been made possible through the financial support of the Disaster Preparedness Programme of the Humanitarian Aid Office of the European Commission. PAHO also acknowledges the financial support of the International Humanitarian Assistance Division of the Canadian International Development Agency (IHA/CIDA), the Office for Foreign Disaster Assistance of the United States Agency for International Development (OFDA/USAID), and the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID).
A Contingency plan is a management tool used to ensure adequate arrangements are made in anticipation of a crisis, that adequate follow-up actions are undertaken and that subsequent revisions of plans are made.
- United Nations Inter-Agency Standing Committee Reference Group on Contingency Planning and Preparedness (2001)
An Environmental Health Rapid Needs Assessment (EHRnA) is conducted to determine immediate resource needs of an affected area. The EHRNA is designed to provide a snapshot of the potential need for resources, so that decisions can be quickly made about how much and what resources should be activated.
- US Federal Emergency Management Agency (2001)