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close this bookBasic Laboratory Procedures in Clinical Bacteriology (WHO; 1991; 128 pages)
View the documentPreface
View the documentIntroduction
open this folder and view contentsQuality assurance in microbiology
close this folderPart I. Bacteriological investigations
open this folder and view contentsBlood
open this folder and view contentsCerebrospinal fluid
open this folder and view contentsUrine
close this folderStool
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentCollection of faecal specimens
View the documentCollection of rectal swabs
View the documentExamination of specimens
View the documentPreparation of faecal suspension
View the documentInoculation of agar plates
open this folder and view contentsLower respiratory tract infections
open this folder and view contentsUpper respiratory tract infections
open this folder and view contentsSexually transmitted diseases
open this folder and view contentsPurulent exudates, wounds, and abscesses
open this folder and view contentsAnaerobic bacteriology
open this folder and view contentsAntimicrobial susceptibility testing
open this folder and view contentsPart II. Essential media and reagents for isolation and identification of clinical pathogens
View the documentSelected further reading
View the documentSelected WHO publications of related interest
View the documentBack Cover
 

Collection of rectal swabs

Cotton-tipped swabs may be used to collect specimens. If prepared locally, it is important to ensure that the cotton fits tightly on the stick.

The swab should be moistened with sterile nonbacteriostatic fluid or transport medium (not lubricating gel), inserted through the rectal sphincter, rotated, and withdrawn. The swab should be examined for faecal staining. The number of swabs to be collected will depend on the types of investigation required. Swabs taken in this way may also be used for microscopic examination for protozoa, but freshly passed stool is preferred.

If the swab is to be processed within 2 hours, it should be placed in a sterile empty tube with a cotton plug or screw cap. If it is to be kept for longer than 2 hours, it should be inoculated into transport medium.

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