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close this bookBasic Laboratory Procedures in Clinical Bacteriology (WHO; 1991; 128 pages)
View the documentPreface
View the documentIntroduction
open this folder and view contentsQuality assurance in microbiology
open this folder and view contentsPart I. Bacteriological investigations
close this folderPart II. Essential media and reagents for isolation and identification of clinical pathogens
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderPriority grading of pathogens, culture media, and diagnostic reagents
View the documentBlood culture
View the documentCerebrospinal fluid specimens
View the documentUrine
View the documentStool culture
View the documentLower respiratory tract
View the documentUpper respiratory tract
View the documentUrogenital specimens for agents of sexually transmitted diseases
View the documentPus and exudates
View the documentList of recommended culture media and diagnostic reagents for the intermediate microbiological laboratory
View the documentSelected further reading
View the documentSelected WHO publications of related interest
View the documentBack Cover

Cerebrospinal fluid specimens

Common pathogens

Pathogens with high priority


Neisseria meningitidis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Haemophilus influenzae
Gram-negative rods
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Cryptococcus neoformans

Pathogens with intermediate priority


Streptococcus agalactiae (group B)

Pathogens with low priority


Listeria monocytogenes

Culture media and diagnostic reagents

Isolation media

Priority code

blood agar (with streak of Staphylococcus)


chocolate agar


MacConkey agar


Sabouraud dextrose agar


Löwenstein-Jensen medium


Identification reagents


oxidase reagent


optochin discs


β-lactamase test reagent


V and XV factors


Neisseria meningitidis agglutinating serum (polyvalent and specific groups A, B, C)


Haemophilus influenzae type b antiserum


Rapid diagnostic tests


test kit for rapid diagnosis of meningitis agents


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