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close this bookWHO Recommended Surveillance Standards (WHO; 1999; 157 pages)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAcronyms
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentNational Coordination of Communicable Disease Surveillance
View the documentExplanatory notes
View the documentSurveillance activities: criteria and WHO Department
View the documentCommunicable disease contacts in Regional Offices
open this folder and view contentsDiseases
open this folder and view contentsSyndromes
View the documentAnnex 1 Software free and in the public domain
View the documentAnnex 2 Proposed surveillance definitions
View the documentAnnex 3 Role and use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and mapping for epidemiological surveillance
 

Acronyms

9GPW:

WHO Ninth General Programme of Work, 1996-2001

AAFB:

Alcohol-acid-fast bacilli

Ab:

Antibody

AFP:

Acute flaccid paralysis

AFRO:

WHO Regional Office for the African Region

Ag:

Antigen

AIDS:

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

aLRTI:

Acute lower respiratory tract infections

AMRO:

see PAHO

ARI:

Acute respiratory tract infections

BSE:

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

CATT:

Card agglutination trypanosomiasis test

CD4:

T4 lymphocyte population

CDC:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta GA, USA

CJD:

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

CMFL

Community microfilarial load

CSF:

Cerebrospinal fluid

DA:

Direct agglutination test

DEC:

Diethylcarbamazine

DFA:

Direct fluorescent antibody

DHF:

Dengue haemorrhagic fever

DPT:

Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus

DSS:

Dengue shock syndrome

DT:

Diphtheria, tetanus

EEG:

Electroencephalogram

EIA:

Enzyme immunoassay

ELISA:

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

EMRO:

WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean

EPIET:

European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training

EURO:

WHO Regional Office for the European Region

FAT:

Fluorescent antibody test

FETP:

Field Epidemiology Training Programme

FFI:

Fatal familial insomnia

FluNet:

Influenza network

FTA:

Fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption

GIS

Geographic Information System

GPS:

Global Positioning System

GSS:

Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (syndrome)

HAV:

Hepatitis A virus

HBcAg

Hepatitis B core antigen

HbeAg:

Hepatitis B envelope antigen

HbsAg:

Hepatitis B surface antigen

HBV:

Hepatitis B virus

HCV:

Hepatitis C virus

HDV:

Hepatitis D virus

HepB3:

hepatitis B vaccine

HEV:

Hepatitis E virus

HI

Haemagglutination inhibition (test)

Hib.

Haemophilus influenzae type b

HIV:

Human immunodeficiency virus

HTP:

Hydroxytryptophane

IARC:

International Agency for Research in Cancer, WHO, Lyon, France

ICD-10:

International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, WHO

ID:

Identification

IF:

Indirect Immunofluorescence

IFA:

Immunofluorescent assay

IFAT:

Indirect immunoflourescent antibody test

IgG

Immunoglobulin G

IgM

Immunoglobulin M

IGO

Intergovernmental organization

IHR

International Health Regulations

IP

Immunoperoxidase

JE:

Japanese encephalitis

MAT:

Microscopic Agglutination Test

MDT:

Multidrug therapy

MNH:

Programme on Mental Health, WHO

MoH:

Ministry of Health

NGO:

Nongovernmental organization

NPEV:

Non-poliomyelitis enterovirus

nvCJD:

New variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

OPV:

Oral poliomyelitis vaccine

PAB:

Protected at Birth

PAHO:

Pan-American Health Organization

PAS:

Periodic acid-Schiff (stain)

PCR:

Polymerase chain reaction

PrP:

Protease-prion protein

RPR:

Rapid Plasma Reagin

SEARO:

WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia

SRL:

Supra-national reference laboratory

STD:

Sexually transmitted diseases

Td:

Tetanus-diphtheria [toxoid]

TEPHINET:

Training in Epidemiology and Public Health Intervention Network

TPHA:

Treponema pallidum haemagglutination antibodies

TT:

Tetanus toxoid

UNAIDS:

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

VDRL:

Venereal Disease Research Laboratory

WHA:

World Health Assembly

WHO:

World Health Organization

WPRO:

WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific

 

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