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cerrar este libroA Guide to the Development of on-site Sanitation (WHO; 1992; 246 pages)
Ver el documentoPreface
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoPart I. Foundations of sanitary practice
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoPart II. Detailed design, construction, operation and maintenance
cerrar esta carpetaPart III. Planning and development of on-site sanitation projects
cerrar esta carpetaChapter 9. Planning
Ver el documentoThe demand for sanitation
Ver el documentoProject definition
Ver el documentoBackground information
Ver el documentoComparison and selection of systems
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoChapter 10. Institutional, economic and financial factors
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoChapter 11. Development
Ver el documentoReferences
Ver el documentoSelected further reading
Ver el documentoGlossary of terms used in this book
Ver el documentoAnnex 1. Reuse of excreta
Ver el documentoAnnex 2. Sullage
Ver el documentoAnnex 3. Reviewers
Ver el documentoSelected WHO publications of related interest
Ver el documentoBack Cover
 

Chapter 9. Planning

Many methods are used to provide or improve on-site sanitation. At one extreme, a project may involve detailed documentation (Grover, 1983) using the "project cycle" approach. At the other extreme, sanitation advances when individual householders build their own improved latrines, often because they have seen similar latrines built by neighbours. Many projects and programmes for improving sanitation lie between these extremes. Planning involves consideration of the local situation leading to selection of suitable types of sanitation. Designs are prepared and construction follows. On completion, and sometimes at intermediate stages, evaluation takes place.

With some projects, the form of planning and development is laid down by procedures which must be rigidly followed if external funds are to be released. However, in many successful programmes, development depends on the action of householders. Planning then leads to selection of appropriate forms of sanitation. Householders may be encouraged to adopt the selected types of sanitation by health education programmes, by technical or material support, or by other measures. The ways in which the different stages of planning and development may be regarded at various levels are shown in Table 9.1.

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