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cerrar este libroRefugees and AIDS - What Should the Humanitarian Community Do? (WCRWC; 2002; 36 pages)
Ver el documentoIntroduction
cerrar esta carpetaModes of Transmission of HIV/AIDS
Ver el documentoSex
Ver el documentoBlood
Ver el documentoMother-to-child Transmission
Ver el documentoSTIs and HIV
Ver el documentoProtection and Human Rights
Ver el documentoGuiding Principles for Program Responses
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoEstablishing HIV/AIDS Interventions
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoPrevention of Sexual Transmission
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoPrevention of Transmission
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoCare for People Living with HIV/AIDS
Ver el documentoKey Resource Materials
Ver el documentoNotes
Ver el documentoChecklist for monitoring HIV/AIDs - Prevention and Care Activities
Ver el documentoBack cover

Mother-to-child Transmission

Percentage of infants born to HIV-positive women becoming infected

• If not breastfed - 15 to 30%
• If breastfed up to six months - 25 to 35%
• If breastfed for 18 to 24 months - 30 to 40%

Adapted from De Cock, JAMA 20005

Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT): Transmission of HIV from an infected mother to her infant can occur during pregnancy, during labor or after delivery through breast milk. In the absence of preventive interventions, about one-third of babies born to HIV-infected women become infected with HIV in developing countries.

The risk of MTCT is greatest when the level of virus in the mother’s blood is high. This occurs in the weeks after a woman first becomes infected, and again, generally years later, when she develops AIDS-related symptoms.6 The risk of MTCT is greater during vaginal delivery than during elective cesarean. However, cesarean births are not always the best option in refugee situations because of the risk of infection and other complications. Invasive procedures during delivery, such as artificial rupture of membranes or episiotomy, may increase the risk of MTCT.

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