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cerrar este libroRefugees and AIDS - What Should the Humanitarian Community Do? (WCRWC; 2002; 36 pages)
Ver el documentoIntroduction
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoModes of Transmission of HIV/AIDS
Ver el documentoSTIs and HIV
Ver el documentoProtection and Human Rights
Ver el documentoGuiding Principles for Program Responses
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoEstablishing HIV/AIDS Interventions
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoPrevention of Sexual Transmission
cerrar esta carpetaPrevention of Transmission
Ver el documentoIn Health Care Settings
Ver el documentoThrough Injecting Drug Use
Ver el documentoFrom Mother to Child
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoCare for People Living with HIV/AIDS
Ver el documentoKey Resource Materials
Ver el documentoNotes
Ver el documentoChecklist for monitoring HIV/AIDs - Prevention and Care Activities
Ver el documentoBack cover
 

In Health Care Settings

Srinivas Kuruganti, Freedom Foundation, Bangalore India

Prevention of transmission in health care settings:

Blood Transfusion Safety22

• Screen all donated blood for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C viruses.

• Identify donors who are at low risk of HIV infection.

Universal Precautions

• Universal precautions consist of: safe handling and disposal of sharps, safe decontamination of instruments, hand washing after all procedures, use of protective barriers to prevent direct contact with blood and body fluids, safe disposal of contaminated waste.

• Ensure adequate supplies and training of health workers in universal infection control precautions, including the safe handling of needles, sharps and medical waste.

Women's Commission

Post-exposure Prophylaxis for Occupational Exposure to HIV

• Develop a protocol and provide training to staff to address occupational exposure to HIV, including information on post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Post-exposure prophylaxis means prevention after exposure, for example after a needle stick injury. A combination of antiretroviral drugs is used. The United States Public Health Service has established guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to HIV.23 The UN and Medecins Sans Frontieres also have guidelines on PEP.

Post-exposure Prophylaxis for Non-occupational Exposure to HIV

• Explore the availability and use of PEP for preventing transmission of HIV after rape. Although the research on the efficacy of PEP after rape is inconclusive, it is used in some settings.24,25

• If the service is available, develop a list of provider names and addresses for referrals.

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