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cerrar este libroRefugees and AIDS - What Should the Humanitarian Community Do? (WCRWC; 2002; 36 pages)
Ver el documentoIntroduction
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoModes of Transmission of HIV/AIDS
Ver el documentoSTIs and HIV
Ver el documentoProtection and Human Rights
Ver el documentoGuiding Principles for Program Responses
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoEstablishing HIV/AIDS Interventions
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoPrevention of Sexual Transmission
abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoPrevention of Transmission
cerrar esta carpetaCare for People Living with HIV/AIDS
Ver el documentoEnabling People to Live Positively with HIV
Ver el documentoComprehensive Care
Ver el documentoKey Resource Materials
Ver el documentoNotes
Ver el documentoChecklist for monitoring HIV/AIDs - Prevention and Care Activities
Ver el documentoBack cover

Comprehensive Care

Comprehensive care for people infected with or affected by HIV

Establish a continuum of care, including:

• Clinic and hospital care: Develop clinical guidelines based on national guidelines for case management of HIV-related illnesses for the treatment of symptoms and opportunistic infections, including prophylaxis where feasible and appropriate. Include access to antiretroviral treatment if appropriate and feasible. Ensure nutritional needs and tuberculosis control are addressed.

• Draw up an essential drug list for care of HIV-related illnesses and ensure the procurement and supply of these drugs.28 Train health workers in the use of clinical guidelines and essential drug list.

• Home-based care: Recruit and train volunteers to provide home-based care. Secure supplemental food rations as needed. Assure a link between home-based care and clinical services.

• Palliative care: Assist people with advanced HIV infection/AIDS-related illnesses to be as comfortable as possible. Support hygiene, address fever, itching, diarrhea, cough and, especially, symptomatic relief of pain.

• Encourage and support the development and training of self-help and other communitybased groups to meet the medical, social and emotional needs of people affected by HIV/AIDS, their families and caregivers. Influential individuals, such as teachers, health care providers and community and religious leaders, should be engaged in creating a positive and caring environment for people living with HIV/AIDS and their families.


Establish support mechanisms for caregivers. Ensure care and support are shared by as many people as possible.

Address the needs of AIDS orphans and other children affected by HIV/AIDS. Unaccompanied children, left behind because of the conflict or AIDS, are especially vulnerable to HIV and need to be given protection from violence, support and access to services available to other children in the camps, including shelter, food and education.

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