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fermer ce livreA Guide to the Development of on-site Sanitation (WHO; 1992; 246 pages)
Afficher le documentPreface
fermer ce répertoirePart I. Foundations of sanitary practice
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuChapter 1. The need for on-site sanitation
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuChapter 2. Sanitation and disease transmission
fermer ce répertoireChapter 3. Social and cultural considerations
Afficher le documentSocial structure
Afficher le documentCultural beliefs and practices
Afficher le documentConcepts of hygiene
Afficher le documentBeliefs about sanitation and disease
Afficher le documentForces for change
Afficher le documentResponses to change
Afficher le documentConclusion
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuChapter 4. Technical options
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuPart II. Detailed design, construction, operation and maintenance
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuPart III. Planning and development of on-site sanitation projects
Afficher le documentReferences
Afficher le documentSelected further reading
Afficher le documentGlossary of terms used in this book
Afficher le documentAnnex 1. Reuse of excreta
Afficher le documentAnnex 2. Sullage
Afficher le documentAnnex 3. Reviewers
Afficher le documentSelected WHO publications of related interest
Afficher le documentBack Cover
 

Conclusion

To identify a demand for improved sanitation is more positive than to initiate a supply of technology that is deemed to be good for communities. The former depends upon cooperation between providers and beneficiaries which comes through dialogue and the exchange of information. Individual users are the ultimate decision-makers in the acceptance or rejection of new technology. It is they who determine the success of a project, since the value of the investment depends not only upon community support but, more particularly, on the consent of households and individual users. They need to be convinced that the benefits of improved sanitation, and the new technology with which it is associated, outweigh the costs. Equally, it is for providers to appreciate the social context and the constraints within which individual decisions are made. They must learn from communities about why improved sanitation may elicit negative responses and also the positive features of community values, beliefs and practices which can be harnessed to promote change.

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