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fermer ce livreA Guide to the Development of on-site Sanitation (WHO; 1992; 246 pages)
Afficher le documentPreface
fermer ce répertoirePart I. Foundations of sanitary practice
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuChapter 1. The need for on-site sanitation
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuChapter 2. Sanitation and disease transmission
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuChapter 3. Social and cultural considerations
fermer ce répertoireChapter 4. Technical options
Afficher le documentOpen defecation
Afficher le documentShallow pit
Afficher le documentSimple pit latrine
Afficher le documentBorehole latrine
Afficher le documentVentilated pit latrine
Afficher le documentPour-flush latrine
Afficher le documentSingle or double pit
Afficher le documentComposting latrine
Afficher le documentSeptic tank
Afficher le documentAqua-privy
Afficher le documentRemoval systems for excreta
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuPart II. Detailed design, construction, operation and maintenance
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuPart III. Planning and development of on-site sanitation projects
Afficher le documentReferences
Afficher le documentSelected further reading
Afficher le documentGlossary of terms used in this book
Afficher le documentAnnex 1. Reuse of excreta
Afficher le documentAnnex 2. Sullage
Afficher le documentAnnex 3. Reviewers
Afficher le documentSelected WHO publications of related interest
Afficher le documentBack Cover
 

Open defecation

Where there are no latrines people resort to defecation in the open. This may be indiscriminate or in special places for defecation generally accepted by the community, such as defecation fields, rubbish and manure heaps, or under trees. Open defecation encourages flies, which spread faeces-related diseases. In moist ground the larvae of intestinal worms develop, and faeces and larvae may be carried by people and animals. Surface water run-off from places where people have defecated results in water pollution. In view of the health hazards created and the degradation of the environment, open defecation should not be tolerated in villages and other built-up areas. There are better options available that confine excreta in such a way that the cycle of reinfection from excreta-related diseases is broken.

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