Dr Pierre Perrin
ICRC Health Division
Translated from the French
by Martha Grenzeback
International Committee of the Red Cross
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, together with the National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, form the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
The ICRC, which gave rise to the Movement, is an independent humanitarian institution. As a neutral intermediary in the event of armed conflict or unrest it endeavours, on its own initiative or on the basis of the Geneva Conventions, to bring protection and assistance to the victims of international and non-international armed conflict and internal disturbances and tension.
The author would like to thank Mr Jean Philippe Lavoyer for his assistance in reviewing the chapter on Protecting the Victims of Armed Conflicts, and Frederick Burkle, Professor of Public Health, University of Hawaii, School of Public Health, and Gilbert Burnham, Department of International Health, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, for their review of the rest of the text.
The Center of Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance - University of Hawaii - supports the publication of this text.
Tables and diagrams are by the author
© International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva 1996
WEB Address: http://www.icrc.org