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fermer ce livrePostpartum Care of the Mother and Newborn: A Practical Guide (WHO; 1998; 82 pages)
Afficher le documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Afficher le documentEXECUTIVE SUMMARY
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu1 INTRODUCTION
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu2 WOMEN'S PERCEPTION OF POSTPARTUM PROBLEMS
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu3 MAJOR MATERNAL HEALTH CHALLENGES IN THE POSTPARTUM PERIOD
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu4 MATERNAL NUTRITION
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu5 INFANT HEALTH CHALLENGES IN THE POSTNATAL PERIOD
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu6 BREASTFEEDING
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu7 BIRTH SPACING
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu8 HIV/AIDS INFECTION
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu9 IMMUNIZATION
ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu10 CARE AND SERVICE PROVISION IN THE POSTPARTUM PERIOD
Afficher le document11 RECOMMENDATIONS
Afficher le document12 REFERENCES
Afficher le documentANNEX 1 CLASSIFICATION OF PRACTICES IN POSTPARTUM CARE
Afficher le documentANNEX 2 LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
Afficher le documentSAFE MOTHERHOOD RESOURCES
Afficher le documentBACK COVER
 

Postpartum Care of the Mother and Newborn: A Practical Guide


REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND RESEARCH
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
GENEVA

WHO/RHT/MSM/98.3
Dist.: General
Orig.: English

Report of a Technical Working Group

The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations with primary responsibility for international health matters and public health. Through this organization, which was created in 1948, the health professions of some 189 countries exchange their knowledge and experience with the aim of making possible the attainment by all citizens of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that will permit them to lead a socially and economically productive life.

By means of direct technical cooperation with its Member States, and by stimulating such cooperation among them, WHO promotes the development of comprehensive health services, the prevention and control of diseases, the improvement of environmental conditions, the development of health manpower, the coordination and development of biomedical and health services research, and the planning and implementation of health programmes.

These broad fields of endeavour encompass a wide variety of activities, such as developing systems of primary health care that reach the whole population of Member countries; promoting the health of mothers and children; combating malnutrition; controlling malaria and other communicable diseases including tuberculosis and leprosy; having achieved the eradication of smallpox, promoting mass immunization against a number of other preventable diseases; improving mental health; providing safe water supplies; and training health personnel of all categories.

Progress towards better health throughout the world also demands international cooperation in such matters as establishing international standards for biological substances, pesticides and pharmaceuticals; formulating environmental health criteria; recommending international non-proprietary names for drugs; administering the International Health Regulations; revising the International Classification of Diseases, Injuries, and Causes of Death; and collecting and disseminating health statistical information.

Further information on many aspects of WHO'S work is presented in the Organization's publications.

© World Health Organization 1998

This document is not a formal publication of the World Health Organization (WHO), and all rights are reserved by the Organization, The document may, however, be freely reviewed, abstracted, reproduced or translated, in part or in whole, but not for sale or for use in conjunction with commercial purposes.

The views expressed in documents by named authors are solely the responsibility of those authors.

ABSTRACT

This document reports the outcomes of a technical consultation on the full range of issues relevant to the postpartum period for the mother and the newborn. The report takes a comprehensive view of maternal and newborn needs at a time which is decisive for the life and health both of the mother and her newborn. Taking women's own perceptions of their own needs during this period as its point of departure, the text examines the major maternal and neonatal health challenges, nutrition and breastfeeding, birth spacing, immunization and HIV/AIDS before concluding with a discussion of the crucial elements of care and service provision in the postpartum. The text ends with a series of recommendations for this critical but under-researched and under-served period of the life of the woman and her newborn, together with a classification of common practices in the postpartum into four categories: those which are useful, those which are harmful, those for which insufficient evidence exists and those which are frequently used inappropriately.

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